- What will you learn?
- What you need to know
What will you learn?
You will learn how to pronounce Italian sounds. You wil also learn how to say hello and goodbye in various ways in Italian, and to introduce yourself and others mentioning name, age and nationality.
What you need to know
Here is a basic vocabulary list. Please add any relevant words to this list as you run into them throughout the Italian ab initio course.
1. Italian Sounds
Learn how to pronounce every single Italian word in 5 mins with this video.
2. Words relating to personal information
Here are some of the key words you need to fill in a form in Italian. If you run into any new ones during a task simply look them up on wordreference.com or google translate.
|Luogo di nascita||Place of birth|
|Data di nascita||Date of birth|
|Residente a||City of Residence|
3. Asking and saying your name
Q: Come ti chiami? (Informal) Come si chiama? (Formal) A: Mi chiamo Lisa.
4. Numbers and age
Bigger numbers: 100 = cento; 1000 = mille (singular); 2000 =due mila (plural); 1,000,000 = un milione (singular); 2,000,000 = due milioni (plural); 1 billion = un miliardo (singular); 2 billion = due miliardi (plural).
Note that the word for “thousand” is an irregular plural.
To ask someone’s age say: “Quanti anni hai?”
To answer, say: “Ho + age + anni“. Eg. “Ho sedici anni” (NB: Do NOT pronounce the H! )
“Ho” and “Hai” literally mean “I have” and “You have“. The infinitive form of the verb (ie. the form that you see in the dictionary) is “AVERE“, which means “to have“, but words, of course, don’t always translate literally.
Watch this video explanation and then read on.
In Italian we use the verb “to have” to express….
- someone’s age: Ho sedici anni
- ownership or possession: Ho un i-phone 6.
- and for some idioms such as I’m hungry/thirsty (Ho fame/sete); I’m hot/cold (Ho caldo/freddo); I’m tired/sleepy (Ho sonno); I’m embarrassed (Ho vergogna); I’m scared (Ho paura)
|NB: italians rarely use subjects (i, You, S/he etc) in front of verbs. The verb ending communicates who is performing the action (-o for ‘I’, -i for “You”, -a for “S/he, -iamo for “Us” etc), so the subject is only used when the speaker want to create emphasis.||The present tense of AVERE (to have)|
|I have||(io) ho|
|You have||(tu) hai|
|S/he has||(lei/lui) ha|
|We have||(noi) abbiamo|
|You (all) have||(voi) avete|
|They have||(loro) hanno|
Remember not to pronounce the ‘h’ or you’ll sound like Santa Clause.
- So, using the table as a guide, how would you say “Marco is 10 years old” ?
Answer: Marco ha dieci anni.
- How would a teacher ask everyone in her class, “Are you all 15 years old?”
Answer: Avete quindici anni? NB: To ask a question in Italian there is no need to re-arrange words. Simply formulate the sentence and add a question mark (or when speaking, raise your tone at the end of the sentence).
- To ask someone where they are from, say: “Di dove sei?” (informal) or “Di dov’è?” (formal)
- To answer, say “Sono + nationality, di + city“. Eg. “Sono spagnola, di Madrid”
- To ask someone where they live, ask: “Dove abiti?” (informal) or “Dove abita?” (formal)
- To answer, say “Abito a + city“. Eg. “Abito a Sydney”
You may wish to download the corresponding word document: Nationalities and noun/adjective agreement
Please visit the following site to read and listen to the country and nationality words.
6. Introducing others
- To introduce a female, for example Carla to Marco, say “Marco, ti presento Carla” OR “Marco, questa e` Carla”
- To introduce a male, for example Marco to Carla, say “Carla, ti presento Marco” OR “Carla, questo e` Marco”.
- They then shake hands and say “Piacere” Or “Molto lieta” (Carla would say this) / “Molto lieto” (Marco would say this).
- (Piacere is short for “Piacere di conoscerti” and similar phrases, meaning “It’s a pleasure to meet you”.)
- To welcome someone say “Benvenuto” (for a male) or “Benvenuta” (for a female).
Your to-do list
Do you have a better idea for a task?
Go ahead and do it, as long as it meets the same purpose as the set task and you are able to document your learning.
||To create an extensive vocab list on this topic for the class to share and use as a reference list|
||To practise pronouncing Italian sounds and immediately check your pronunciation against a native speaker|
||To become familiar with the vocab relating to personal information and to gain confidence and even cultural knowledge by using authentic Italian texts.|
||Learn how to hear, read and write Italian numbers 1-100 and get immediate feedback|
||Learn how to ask and say your age (listening, reading and writing) and get immediate feedback.|
||Test your knowledge of the nationalities and your understanding of noun/adjective agreement.|
||To put all the language together to form sentences in Italian. To practise and perfect your pronunciation in Italian.|
||Really test your aural skills by identifying the numbers pronounced at a normal pace of speech in an authentic resource.Gain confidence from understanding an authentic Italian text, not one simplified for the language learners|
Answers: a) 13; b) 1500euro; c) 1000 euro; d) 5am; e) 8 thousand f)4 to 5 hundred g)6am (in the reporter’s question) -6:30am -5am -6:10 am h)4 roads i)3 hours j)8 thousand – 4am h)9500 receipts i)2.5 million sales
|Really test your aural skills by identifying the numbers pronounced at a normal pace of speech in an authentic and difficult resource.Gain confidence from understanding an authentic Italian text, not one simplified for the language learners. Get a glimpse of Italy and Italian culture through the news story.|
||Seeing the language in an authentic context and developing text-handling skills for the IB exam|
||Put all the language together and speaking in Italian with peers|
||Hearing the language in context and becoming accustomed to native speakers accent and pace of speech|
||Put all the language together, produce a paragraph in Italian and communicate with a native speaker. To get timely feedback from a native speaker.|
||Help everyone in the class to understand all the concepts introduced in this focus area, deepen your understanding of the concepts, and appreciate the strength of collaboration|