What you will learn
You will learn to talk about relationship problems and to give advice using a new verb mood – il condizionale. You will also learn about indirect object pronouns and take a closer look at the verb ‘piacere’.
What you need to know.
Here is a basic vocabulary list. Make sure you add to the list this week by inserting words & expressions from our text-handling tasks as you read at home and as we analyse the texts together.
The conditional is a new verb mood used to give advice, to make polite requests (using “vorrei” instead of “voglio” or using the TU form of any conditional verb) and to say “I could, I should, I would like” etc. Take notes as you watch the video explanation below.
Here is the conjugation table:
Irregular conditional verbs
Note that many of the verbs that are irregular in the future tense are also irregular in the conditional and have the same stem.
Here are some of the most common:
- avere – avrei, avresti, avrebbe, avremmo, avreste, avrebbero
- essere – sarei, saresti…
- andare – andrei…
- dovere – dovrei…
- potere – potrei…
- vedere – vedrei…
- dare – darei
- fare – farei
- stare – starei
- bere – berrei
- volere – vorrei
- venire – verrei
- rimanere – rimarrei
In previous units we learned about direct object pronouns. Now let’s take a look at indirect pronouns. The table below compares the two types of pronouns.
Now watch the video explanation on indirect pronouns in the context of relationship problems and advice.
For a more detailed explanation, read this .
Il verbo piacere
Piacere is a confusing verb because it works so differently to English – it doesn’t translate as “I like, you like, etc” but rather as “X is liked by Y”. It is particularly relevant in this unit to express “crushes” experienced by teenagers and is used with indirect pronouns. Here are some common uses for this context:
mi piace un ragazzo a scuola – I like a boy at school (literally, the boy at school is liked by me).
Mi piacciono entrambi e non so chi scegliere – I like them both and I don’t know who to choose (literally, they are both liked by me)
Io gli piaccio – he likes me (literally, I am liked by him)
Io le piaccio – she likes me (literally, I am liked by her)
Purtroppo gli piace la mia migliore amica – unfortunately he likes my best friend (literally, my best friend is liked by him)
Ho saputo che le piace mio fratello – I found out that she likes my brother (literally, that my brother is liked by her)
Writing about a problem
Expressing a relationship problem in a letter, diary or email will often involve recounting past events that have occurred with a particular person. For this, you will use the passato prossimo (plus imperfetto for background information such as description of scene, person, place).
Eg. Ieri ho litigato con i miei – yesterday I fought with my parents
Eg. Lo scorso weekend ho conosciuto un ragazzo bellissimo – last weekend I met a gorgeous guy.
However, if you are not writing about an incident, then the present tense may be more appropriate.
Eg. A scuola c’e` un ragazzo che mi piace tantissimo. Si chiama Alessandro e ha due anni piu` di me. Ogni giorno mi saluta e qualche volta mi parla pure. – at school there is a guy I like. His name is Alessandro and he is two years older than me. Every day he says hello to me and sometimes he talks to me too.
Asking for advice
After having shared your problem, you can ask for help or advice with one of the following phrases:
- Che cosa dovrei fare? – what should I do?
- Non so cosa fare. Aiuto! – I don’t know what to do . Help!
- Che cosa mi consigli di fare? – what do you advise me to do?
To give advice to a friend, use the conditional as explained in the video. Here are some examples:
- Dovresti fregartene – You shouldn’t care about it / you should ignore it
- Potresti chiedergli di uscire con te – You could ask him to go out with you
- Al posto tuo, ne parlerei con i miei genitori – in your place, I’d speak to my parents about it (ne=about it)
- Se io fossi in te, lo mollerei – if I were you, I’d dump him
You may also used the imperative, as we saw in the healthy habits unit:
- Regalale una rosa rossa
- Cerca di parlare con lui in privato
Your to do list.
Have a better idea for a task? Go ahead and do it, as long as it meets that same purpose and that it can be documented.
||To build an extensive vocabulary list for the entire class to share, use as a reference list and personalise. To have a bank of vocab and expressions to use when preparing for the individual oral exam in Yr 12 and to use when completing IB writing tasks about health|
||To drill and memorise all relevant vocabulary.|
||To drill conjugations and test your understanding of condizionale verbs.|
||To drill and test your understanding of conditional verbs and direct + indirect pronouns in the context of relationships|
||To check your understanding of relationships vocabulary & expressions, to pick up new vocabulary and structures and to develop your text-handling skills for the IB exam. Seeing the language in an authentic context and gaining confidence from understanding an authentic Italian text, rather than one simplified for language learners|
|6.||To put all the language together and learn to manipulate and create meaningful responses, without writing out your answer word for word. To enrich your language with new words and expressions. To do a real-life task.|
||Help everyone in the class to understand all the concepts introduced in this focus area, deepen your understanding of the concepts, and appreciate the strength of collaboration|